The texts are divided by general thematic area, but some might address more than one theme.

General texts

Altbach, P. (2004). Globalisation and the university: Myths and realities in an unequal world. Tertiary Education and Management, 10(1), 3-25.

Ball, S. J. (2012). Global education Inc: New policy networks and the neo-liberal imaginary. New York, NY: Routledge.

Beck, K. (2012). Globalization/s: Reproduction and resistance in the internationalization of higher education. Canadian Journal of Education, 35(3), 133-148.

Brandenburg, U., & de Wit, H. (2011). The end of internationalization. International Higher Education, 62(Winter), 15-17.

Knight, J. (2014). Is internationalisation of higher education having an identity crisis? In A. Maldonado-Maldonado and R.M. Bassett (Eds.), The forefront of international higher education: A Festschrift in honor of Philip G. Altbach (pp. 75-87). Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media.

Mwangi, C. A. G., Latafat, S., Hammond, S., Kommers, S., Thoma, H. S., Berger, J., & Blanco-Ramirez, G. (2018). Criticality in international higher education research: a critical discourse analysis of higher education journals. Higher Education, 1-17.

Rizvi, F., & Lingard, B. (2010). Globalizing education policy. London, UK: Routledge.

Sidhu, R. K. (2006). Universities and globalization: To market, to market. New York, NY: Routledge.

Stein, S. (2019). Critical internationalization studies at an impasse: making space for complexity, uncertainty, and complicity in a time of global challenges. Studies in Higher Education, 1-14.

Stein, S. (2017). Internationalization for an uncertain future: Tensions, paradoxes, and possibilities. The Review of Higher Education41(1), 3-32.

Stein, S., Andreotti, V., & Suša, R. (2019). Pluralizing Frameworks for Global Ethics in the Internationalization of Higher Education in Canada. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 49(1), 22-46.

Stein, S., Andreotti, V., Bruce, J., & Suša, R. (2016). Towards different conversations about the internationalization of higher education. Comparative and International Education45(1).

Stier, J. (2004). Taking a critical stance toward internationalization ideologies in higher education: Idealism, instrumentalism and educationalism. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 2(1), 83-97.

Unterhalter, E., & Carpentier, V. (Eds.) (2010) Global inequalities in higher education: Whose interests are we serving? London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Vavrus, F., & Pekol, A. (2015). Critical internationalization: Moving from theory to practice. FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education, 2 (2), 5-21.

Global citizenship

Andreotti, V. (2006). Soft versus critical global citizenship education. Policy & Practice-A Development Education Review, (3).

Biccum, A. (2010). Global citizenship and the legacy of empire: Marketing development. London, UK: Routledge.

Jefferess, D. (2012). The “Me to We” social enterprise: Global education as lifestyle brand. Critical Literacy: Theories and Practices, 6(1), 18-30.

Khoo, S. (2011). Ethical globalisation or privileged globalisation or privileged internationalisation? Exploring global citizenship and internationalisation in Irish and Canadian universities. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 9(3-4), 337-353.

Pashby, K. (2012). Questions for global citizenship education in the context of the ‘New Imperialism’: For whom, by whom?. In Postcolonial perspectives on global citizenship education (pp. 21-38). Routledge.

Shultz, L. (2007). Educating for global citizenship: Conflicting agendas and understandings. Alberta Journal of Educational Research53(3), 248.

International development

Adriansen, H. K., & Madsen, L. M. (2019). Capacity-building projects in African higher education: Issues of coloniality in international academic collaboration. Learning and Teaching, 12(2), 1-23.

Bazinet, T. (2016). White settler-colonialism, international development education, and the question of futurity: A content analysis of the University of Ottawa Master’s Program mandatory syllabi in globalization and international development. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Ottawa, ON: Université d’Ottawa/University of Ottawa.

Collins, C. S., & Rhoads, R. A. (2010). The World Bank, support for universities, and asymmetrical power relations in international development. Higher Education, 59(2), 181-205.

Gonzalez, G. (1982). Imperial reform in the neo-colonies: The University of California’s basic plan for higher education in Colombia. Journal of Education, 164(4), 330-350.

Stein, S., Andreotti, V., & Suša, R. (2016). “Beyond 2015”, within the modern/colonial global imaginary? Global development and higher education. Critical Studies in Education.

Internationalizing knowledge/curricula

Burman, A. (2012). Places to think with, books to think about: Words, experience and the decolonization of knowledge in the Bolivian Andes. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, 10(1), 101–119.

Connell, R. (2007). Southern theory: The global dynamics of knowledge in social science. Cambridge.

Ficarra, J., Cottrell, K., Burton S. & Miller, K. (2016). Mapping the Curriculum of the ‘Global’ City: From Bogotá to Berlin. The SoJo Journal: Educational Foundations and Social Justice Education, 1(2):45-61.

Grosfoguel, R. (2013). The structure of knowledge in Westernized universities: Epistemic racism/sexism and the four genocides/epistemicides of the long 16th century. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, 11(1), 73-90.

Kamola, I. (2014). US universities and the production of the global imaginary. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 16(3), 515-533.

Kelly, P. (2000). Internationalizing the curriculum: For profit or planet. In, S. Inayatullah and J. Gidley (Eds.) The university in transformation: Global perspectives on the futures of the university (pp. 161-172). Westport, CT: Bergin and Harvey.

Nandy, A. (2000). Recovery of indigenous knowledge and dissenting futures of the university. In S. Inayatullah and J. Gidley (Eds.) The university in transformation: Global perspectives on the futures of the university (pp. 115-123). Westport, CT: Bergin and Harvey.

Owens, C., & Boggs, A. (2016). The global American Studies classroom: International students and critical pedagogy. American Quarterly68(2), 379-385.

Santos, B. D. S. (2007). Beyond abyssal thinking: From global lines to ecologies of knowledges. Review (Fernand Braudel Center), 45-89.

Stehr, N., & Ufer, U. (2009). On the global distribution and dissemination of knowledge. International Social Science Journal60(195), 7-24.

Willinsky, J. (1998). Learning to divide the world: Education at empire’s end. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. 

International students

Adnett, N. (2010). The growth of international students and economic development: Friends or foes? Journal of Education Policy, 25(5), 625-637.

Boggs, A. (2013). Prospective students, potential threats: The figure of the international student in US higher education. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Davis, CA: University of California Davis.

Bolsmann, C., & Miller, H. (2008). International student recruitment to universities in England: Discourse, rationales and globalisation. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 6(1), 75-88.

Brooks, R. & Waters, J. (2013). Student mobilities, migration and the internationalization of higher education. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brown, L., & Jones, I. (2013). Encounters with racism and the international student experience. Studies in Higher Education, 38(7), 1004-1019.

Brown, P. & Tannock. S. (2009). Education, meritocracy and the global war for talent. Journal of Education Policy, 24 (4), 377-392.

Brunner, L. R. (2017). Higher educational institutions as emerging immigrant selection actors: A history of British Columbia’s retention of international graduates, 2001–2016. Policy Reviews in Higher Education1(1), 22-41.

Coloma, R. S. (2013). ‘Too Asian?’ On racism, paradox and ethno-nationalism. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education34(4), 579-598.

Dear, L. (2018). The university as border control. International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives17(1), 7-23.

Enslin, P., & Hedge, N. (2008). International students, export earnings and the demands of global justice. Ethics and Education, 3(2), 107-119.

Ficarra, J. (2017). Comparative International Approaches to Better Understanding Refugee Learners. Issues in Teacher Education, 16 (2): 15-31.

Guo, Y., & Guo, S. (2017). Internationalization of Canadian higher education: Discrepancies between policies and international student experiences. Studies in Higher Education42(5), 851-868.

Heng, T.T. (2019). Understanding the heterogeneity of international students experiences: A case study of international students in U.S. universities. Journal of Studies in International Education, 23(5), 607-623.

Houshmand, S., Spanierman, L. B., & Tafarodi, R. W. (2014). Excluded and avoided: Racial microaggressions targeting Asian international students in Canada. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology20(3), 377.

Indelicato, M. E. (2017). Australia’s New Migrants: International Students’ History of Affective Encounters with the Border. Routledge.

Fong, V. (2011). Paradise redefined: Transnational Chinese students and the quest for flexible citizenship in the developed world. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Forbes-Mewett, H., & Nyland, C. (2013). Funding international student support services: Tension and power in the university. Higher Education, 65(2), 181-192.

Johnstone, M. & Lee, E. (2014). Branded: International education and 21st century Canadian education policy, and the welfare state. International Social Work, 57(3), 209-221.

Kim, J. (2011). Aspiration for global cultural capital in the stratified realm of global higher education: Why do Korean students go to US graduate schools? British Journal of Sociology of Education32(1), 109-126.

Kramer, P. A. (2009). Is the world our campus? International students and US global power in the Long Twentieth Century. Diplomatic History, 33(5), 775-806.

Lee, J. J., Maldonado-Maldonado, A., & Rhoades, G. (2006). The political economy of international student flows: Patterns, ideas, and propositions. In J.C. Smart (Ed.), Higher education: Handbook of theory and research (pp. 545-590). Springer Netherlands.

Lee, J. & Rice, C. (2007). Welcome to America? International student perceptions of discrimination. Higher Education, 53(3), 381-409.

Lomer, S. (2014). Economic objects: how policy discourse in the United Kingdom represents international students. Policy Futures in Education, 12(2), 273-285.

Luke, A. (2010). Educating the Other: Standpoint and theory in the ‘internationalization’ of higher education. In E. Unterhalter & V. Carpentier, (Eds.), Global inequalities in higher education: Whose interests are we serving? (pp. 43-65). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Madge, C., Raghuram, P., & Noxolo, P. (2015). Conceptualizing international education From international student to international study. Progress in Human Geography, 39(6), 681-701.

Marginson, S. (2012). Including the other: Regulation of the human rights of mobile students in a nation-bound world. Higher Education, 63(4), 497-512.

McCartney, D. (2016). From ‘welcome sojourners’ to ‘dangerous immigrants’: Exploring discourse in international student policy talk, 1945-1975. Historical Studies in Education, 28(2), 1-27.

O’Mara, M. (2012). The uses of the foreign student. Social Science History, 36(4), 583-615.

Park, H. (2010). The stranger that is welcomed: Female foreign students from Asia, the English language industry, and the ambivalence of ‘Asia rising’ in British Columbia, Canada. Gender, Place & Culture17(3), 337-355.

Rhee, J. E., & Sagaria, M. A. D. (2004). International students: Constructions of imperialism in the Chronicle of Higher Education. The Review of Higher Education, 28(1), 77-96.

Sá, C. M., & Sabzalieva, E. (2018). The politics of the great brain race: public policy and international student recruitment in Australia, Canada, England and the USA. Higher Education, 75(2), 231-253.

Stein, S., & Andreotti, V. (2016). Cash, competition, or charity: international students and the global imaginary. Higher Education72(2), 225-239.

Stein, S., & Andreotti, V. D. O. (2017). Afterword: provisional pedagogies toward imagining global mobilities otherwise. Curriculum Inquiry, 47(1), 135-146.

Tannock, S. (2013). When the demand for educational equality stops at the border: Wealthy students, international students and the restructuring of higher education in the UK. Journal of Education Policy, 28(4), 449-464.

Tannock, S. (2018). Educational equality and international students. Palgrave Macmillan.

Walker, P. (2014). International student policies in UK higher education from colonialism to the coalition developments and consequences. Journal of Studies in International Education, 18(4), 325-344.

Waters, J. L. (2012). Geographies of international education: Mobilities and the reproduction of social (dis)advantage. Geography Compass6(3), 123-136.

Waters, J. L. (2018). International Education is Political! Exploring the Politics of International Student Mobilities. Journal of International Students, 8(3), 1459-1478.

Yang, P. (2019). Toward a Framework for (Re)Thinking the Ethics and Politics of International Student Mobility. Journal of Studies in International Education, 1–17.

Yao, C.W., George Mwangi, C.A., & Malaney Brown, V.K. (2018) Exploring the intersection of transnationalism and critical race theory: a critical race analysis of international student experiences in the United States, Race Ethnicity and Education, DOI: 10.1080/13613324.2018.1497968

Yao, C. W., & Viggiano, T. (2019). Interest Convergence and the Commodification of International Students and Scholars in the United States. JCSCORE, 5(1), 81-109.

Ziguras, C. (2016). And fairness for all? Equity and the international student cohort. In A. Harvey, C. Burheim, & M. Brett (Eds.), Student equity in Australian higher education (pp. 207-220). Springer Singapore.

Postcolonial/decolonial/anti-imperial critiques

Andreotti, V. (2011). Actionable postcolonial theory in education. Springer.

Bascara, V. (2014). New empire, same old university? Education in the American tropics after 1898. In P. Chatterjee, & S. Maira. The imperial university: Academic repression and scholarly dissent, (pp. 53-77). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Blanco Ramírez, G. (2014). Trading quality across borders: Colonial discourse and international quality assurance policies in higher education. Tertiary Education and Management, 20(2), 121-134.

Charania, G. R. (2011). Grounding the global: A call for more situated practices of pedagogical and political engagement. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies10(3), 351-371.

Chatterjee, P. & Maira, S. (Eds.) (2014) The imperial university. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

De Lissovoy, N. (2010). Decolonial pedagogy and the ethics of the global. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 31(3), 279-293.

Gaztambide-Fernández, R. A. (2012). Decolonization and the pedagogy of solidarity. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), 41-67.

Jazeel, T. (2011). Spatializing difference beyond cosmopolitanism: Rethinking planetary futures. Theory, Culture & Society, 28(5), 75-97.

Majee, U. & Ress, S. (2018). Colonial legacies in internationalization of higher education: Racial justice and geopolitical redress in South Africa and Brazil. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education. DOI: 10.1080/03057925.2018.1521264

Mohanty, C. T. (1984). Under Western eyes: Feminist scholarship and colonial discourses. Boundary 2, 333-358.

Paik, A. N. (2013). Education and empire, old and new: HR 3077 and the resurgence of the US university. Cultural Dynamics, 25(1), 3-28.

Ress, S. (forthcoming). Internationalization of higher education for development: Blackness and post-colonial solidarity in Africa-Brazil relations. Bloomsbury.

Ress, S. (2018). ‘Race’ as a Political Issue in Brazilian South-South Cooperation in Higher Education. Comparative Education Review, 62(3).

Roshanravan, S. (2012). Staying home while studying abroad: Anti-imperial praxis for globalizing feminist visions. Journal of Feminist Scholarship, 2, 1-23.

Roy, A. (2006). Praxis in the time of empire. Planning Theory, 5(1), 7-29.

Shahjahan, R. A. (2013). Coloniality and a global testing regime in higher education: unpacking the OECD’s AHELO initiative. Journal of Education Policy, 28(5), 676-694.

Shahjahan, R. A., Blanco Ramirez, G., & Andreotti, V. D. O. (2017). Attempting to imagine the unimaginable: A decolonial reading of global university rankings. Comparative Education Review61(S1), S51-S73.

Spivak, G. C. (2004). Righting wrongs. The South Atlantic Quarterly, 103(2/3), 523-581.

Stein, S. (2018). Racialized frames of value in U.S. university presidents’ responses to the travel ban. ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies, 17(4), 893-919.

Sumida Huaman, E., Chiu, B., & Billy, C. (2019). Indigenous internationalization: Indigenous worldviews, higher education, and Tribal Colleges and Universities. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 27(101). 

Suspitsyna, T. (2015). Cultural hierarchies in the discursive representations of China in the Chronicle of Higher Education. Critical Studies in Education, 56(1), 21-37.

Teamey, K., & Mandel, U. (2016). A world where all worlds cohabit. The Journal of Environmental Education, 47(2), 151-162.

Tikly, L. P. (2004). Education and the new imperialism. Comparative Education, 40(2), 173-198.

Tuck, E., & Yang, K. W. (2012). Decolonization is not a metaphor. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), 1-40.

Walia, H. (2013). Undoing border imperialism. Oakland, CA: AK Press.

Political economic critiques

Gaffikin, F., & Perry, D. C. (2009). Discourses and strategic visions: The U.S. research university as an institutional manifestation of neoliberalism in a global era. American Educational Research Journal, 46(1), 115-144.

Lomer, S., Papatsiba, V., & Naidoo, R. (2016). Constructing a national higher education brand for the UK: Positional competition and promised capitals. Studies in Higher Education, 1-20.

Marginson, S. (2006). Dynamics of national and global competition in higher education. Higher Education, 52(1), 1-39.

McCartney, D. M., & Metcalfe, A. S. (2018). Corporatization of higher education through internationalization: The emergence of pathway colleges in Canada. Tertiary Education and Management, 1-15.

Naidoo, R., & Jamieson, I. (2005). Knowledge in the marketplace: The global commodification of teaching and learning in higher education. In P. Ninnes, & M. Hellstén (Eds.),  Internationalizing higher education: Critical explorations of pedagogy and policy (pp. 37-51). Springer Netherlands.

Nokkala, T. (2006). Knowledge society discourse in internationalization of higher education. Revista Española de Educación Comparada, 12, 171-201.

Ortiga, Y. Y. (2017). The flexible university: Higher education and the global production of migrant labor. British Journal of Sociology of Education38(4), 485-499.

Turner, Y., & Robson, S. (2007). Competitive and cooperative impulses to internationalization: Reflecting on the interplay between management intentions and the experience of academics in a British university. Education, Knowledge & Economy: A Journal for Education and Social Enterprise, 1(1), 65-82.

Wanyenya, P. & Lester-Smith, D. (2014). Neoliberalism and public university agendas: Tensions along the global/local divide. Journal of Feminist Scholarship, 7-8, 93-101.

Wyly, E. K., & Dhillon, J. K. (2018). Planetary Kantsaywhere: Cognitive capitalist universities and accumulation by cognitive dispossession. City, 22(1), 130-151.

Rankings and Eurocentric isomorphism

Deem, R., Mok, K. H., & Lucas, L. (2008). Transforming higher education in whose image? Exploring the concept of the ‘world-class’ university in Europe and Asia. Higher Education Policy, 21, 83-97.

Estera, A., & Shahjahan, R. A. (2018). Globalizing whiteness? Visually re/presenting students in global university rankings websites. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 1-16.

Rhoads, R. A. (2011). The US research university as a global model: Some fundamental problems to consider. InterActions: UCLA Journal of Education and Information Studies, 7(2).

Stack, M. (2016). Global university rankings and the mediatization of higher education. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan

Service/study abroad

Andreotti, V. (2016). The educational challenges of imagining the world differently. Canadian Journal of Development Studies/Revue canadienne d’études du développement, 37(1), 101-112.

Baillie Smith, M., & Laurie, N. (2011). International volunteering and development: Global citizenship and neoliberal professionalisation today. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 36(4), 545-559.

Ficarra, J. (April, 2017). Curating Cartographies of Knowledge: Reading Institutional Study Abroad Portfolios as Text. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, Vol. XXIX, Issue 1, pp. 1-14.

Ficarra, J. (2019). Local partners as teachers and learners in education abroad: Introducing a local partner engagement process model. In A. Ogden & E. Brewer (Eds.), Critical Perspectives on Education Abroad and the Undergraduate Experience (Ch. 13). Washington, DC: Stylus & NAFSA.

Larkin, A. (2018). Seeking global citizenship through international experiential/service learning and global citizenship education: Challenges of power, knowledge and difference for practitioners. In The Palgrave Handbook of Global Citizenship and Education (pp. 557-571). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Zemach-Bersin, T. (2007). Global citizenship and study abroad: It’s all about US. Critical Literacy: Theories and Practices, 1(2), 16-28.


Acker, S. Van. (2020). How to reduce the carbon cost of academic air travel? (Master thesis) Ghent University.

Akhmerov, A., Bonjour, S., Cardoso, E., Helmers, H., & Kars, J. (2020). Flying high but flying less

Burian (2018) It is up in the air : academic flying of Swedish sustainability academics and a pathway to organisational change. (Master Thesis) Lund University.

Davies, J. C., & Dunk, R. M. (2015). Flying along the supply chain: Accounting for emissions from student air travel in the higher education sector. Carbon Management, 6(5–6), 233–246.

Dvorak, A. M. W., Christiansen, L. D., Fischer, N. L., & Underhill, J. B. (2011). A Necessary Partnership: Study Abroad and Sustainability in Higher Education. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad21(Fall), 143–166.

Glover, A., Strengers, Y., & Lewis, T. (2017). The unsustainability of academic aeromobility in Australian universities. Sustainability: Science, Practice, and Policy13(1), 1–12.

Ilieva, R., Beck, K., & Waterstone, B. (2014). Towards sustainable internationalisation of higher education. Higher Education68, 875–889.

Kelly, P. (2000). Internationalizing the curriculum: For profit or planet. In S. Inayatullah & J. Gidley (Eds.), The university in transformation: Global perspectives on the futures of the university (pp. 161–172). Bergin and Harvey.

Long, J., Vogelaar, A., & Hale, B. W. (2014). Toward sustainable educational travel. Journal of Sustainable Tourism22(3), 421–439.

Shields, R. (2019). The sustainability of international higher education: Student mobility and global climate change. Journal of Cleaner Production, 217, 594–602.

Storme, T., Faulconbridge, J. R., Beaverstock, J. V., Derudder, B., & Witlox, F. (2017). Mobility and professional networks in academia: an exploration of the obligations of presence. Mobilities12(3), 405–424.

Versteijlen, M., Perez Salgado, F., Janssen Groesbeek, M., & Counotte, A. (2017). Pros and cons of online education as a measure to reduce carbon emissions in higher education in the Netherlands. Sustainability Governance, 28, 80–89.

Wynes, S., Donner, S. D., Tannason, S., & Nabors, N. (2019). Academic air travel has a limited influence on professional success. Journal of Cleaner Production226, 959–967.


Cantwell, B., & Lee, J. (2010). Unseen workers in the academic factory: Perceptions of neoracism among international postdocs in the United States and the United Kingdom. Harvard Educational Review80(4), 490-517.

Matus, C, & Talburt, S. (2009). Spatial imaginaries: Universities, internationalisation and feminist geographies. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 30(4), 515-527.

Pashby, K., & Andreotti, V. (2016). Ethical internationalisation in higher education: Interfaces with international development and sustainability. Environmental Education Research22(6), 771-787.

Shahjahan, R. A., & Kezar, A. J. (2013). Beyond the “national container”: Addressing methodological nationalism in higher education research. Educational Researcher42(1), 20-29.

Shields, R. (2019). The sustainability of international higher education: Student mobility and global climate change. Journal of Cleaner Production, 217, 594–602.

Suša, R. (2016). Social cartographies of internationalization of higher education in Canada: A study of exceptionalist tendencies and articulations. Doctoral dissertation. Oulu, Finland: ACTA.

Trilokekar, R. D. (2010). International education as soft power? The contributions and challenges of Canadian foreign policy to the internationalization of higher education. Higher Education, 59(2), 131–147.

Viggiano, T. (2019). Global responsibility in Finland: Egalitarian foundations and neoliberal creep. Journal for the Study of Postsecondary and Tertiary Education, 4, 245-262.

Yao, C. W., & Vital, L. M. (2018). Reflexivity in international contexts: Implications for US doctoral students international research preparation. International Journal of Doctoral Studies, 13 (193-210).

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